A Letter to Three Wives (1949)

Letter to Three Wives (1949)

Toronto Film Society presented A Letter to Three Wives (1949) on Monday, February 4, 1980 in a double bill with All About Eve as part of the Season 32 Monday Evening Film Buff Series, Programme 6.

Production Co: Twentieth Century Fox.  Producer: Sol C. Siegel.  Director: Joseph L. Mankiewicz.  Screenplay: Joseph L. Mankiewicz.  Adaptation: Vera Caspary from John Klempner’s story “One of Our Hearts” originally published in Cosmopolitan.  Photography: Arthur Miller.  Editor: J. Watson Webb, Jr.  Art Directors: Lyle Wheeler & J. Russell Spencer.  Music: Alfred Newman.  Assistant Director: Gaston Glass.

Cast:  Jeanne Crain (Deborah Bishop); Linda Darnell (Lora May Hollingsway); Ann Sothern (Rita Phipps); Kirk Douglas (George Phipps); Paul Douglas (Porter Hollingsway); Barbara Lawrence (Babe); Jeffrey Lynn (Brad Bishop); Connie Gilchrist (Mrs. Finney); Florence Bates (Mrs. Manleigh); Hobart Cavanaugh (Mr. Manleigh); Patti Brady (Kathleen); Ruth Vivian (Miss Hawkins); Thelma Ritter (Sadie); Stuart Holmes (old man); George Offerman, Jr. (Nick); Ralph Brooks (character); James Adamson (Butler); Joe Bautista (Thomasino); John Davidson (waiter); Carl Switzer & John Venn (messengers); Sammy Finn (waiter); the voice of Celeste Holm as Addie Ross.

Letter to Three Wives (1949)

The reputation of Joseph L. Mankiewicz, for those who remember him today, is largely a product of his work during the fifties.  This program provides a whiff of the flowering of Mankiewicz with A Letter to Three Wives and All About Eve.

Mankiewicz came to direction after an apprenticeship of about 15 years of screen writing.  Just as some director’s films are described as editor’s films or photographer’s films, so Mankiewicz’s films might, without gross injustice, be described as writers’ films.  Mankiewicz seems to believe that if films are going to talk, it is desirable that they say interesting things.  If these things are not always philosophically profound, then they can at least be witty.  This should not, however, suggest that his films are devoid of visual interest or that they are so literary that they are devoid of cinematic interest.

Letter to Three Wives (1949)

Both A Letter to Three Wives and All About Eve exemplify characteristic concerns of Mankiewicz which have figured in most of his films.  Perhaps the most readily discernible of these is found in his treatment of women.  In most of Mankiewicz’s films the women are depicted as flawed; however, they are also both more memorable and somehow better than the men who have their own, though less interesting, flaws.  Certainly the women in most of Mankiewicz’s films are more striking than the men.  He has provided actresses such as Linda Darnell and Bette Davis with roles which are among the high points of their careers.  “Woman” for Mankiewicz is a locus of dominating power yet, in most of his films, “woman” is ultimately subservient to “man”.  This later aspect of the Mankiewiczian woman, which appears today to be a cop-out, is actually a reflection of Mankiewicz’s leanings toward romanticism which accompanied his often caustic wit.

Letter to Three Wives (1949)

In turn, this duality of woman gives form to Mankiewicz’s conception of marriage and its functional alternatives as a meeting place which is ultimately fragmented.  Mankiewicz sees human relationships as a quest for permanence; no matter how manifestly transient.  Beyond the wit and its suggestions of residual romanticism, Mankiewicz’s conception of relationships is that of an attempt to barter with the essential human predicament that we have not always existed, we will not always exist and, so long as we do exist, we are alone.  This is most brilliantly exemplified in All About Eve in the famous stranded car scene during which Bette Davis’ facial and vocal display of emotion complements and extends this conception of relationships scripted by Mankiewicz.  Though not embodied in such a signal scene, this is also the unifying sensibility of A Letter to Three Wives.

Letter to Three Wives (1949)

Another preoccupation of Mankiewicz is the various ways in which the past permeates the present.  This is most obviously expressed in Mankiewicz’s use of flashbacks.  While Mankiewicz made his films at a time when the use of flashbacks as a structural convenience was fashionable, Mankiewicz used the flashback as more than a structural convenience in telling a story.  For Mankiewicz the flashback illuminates how the past has shaped the present.  It plays an integral part in the presentation of the thematic preoccupations that are characteristic of Mankiewicz, and most commonly brings into conjunction a quest for permanence and fear of transience.

Letter to Three Wives (1949)

In his critique of directors in The American Cinema (1968), Andrew Sarris clumped Mankiewicz into a category given the name “Less than meets the eye.”  On the other hand, writing in 1950, Jean Luc Godard expressed his opinion that even the films made before All About Eve sufficed “to establish Joseph Mankiewicz as one of the most brilliant of American directors” (Milne, p. 13).  Eight years later, Godard cited A Letter to Three Wives and All About Eve, among other Mankiewicz films, both as seeming to prove that Mankiewicz did not make films for the average spectator and as films which “finally established their director as the most intelligent man in all contemporary cinema” (Milne, p. 82).  The “average spectator” perhaps has changed over the last two decades.  Both films tend to favourably impress those spectators who are fortunate enough to see them today, as they did large audiences when they were released three decades ago to win Mankiewicz Oscars for both his screenplays and his direction.

Letter to Three Wives (1949)

Trivia Notes

A Letter to Three Wives

  1. John Klempner expanded his original story “One of Our Hearts” into a novel entitled “A Letter to Five Wives.”  Mankiewicz’s original screenplay was entitled “A letter to Four Wives.”  Darryl F. Zanuck suggested cutting one of the wives, and the one which Mankiewicz deleted had been cast with Anne Baxter.  This resulted in the final film being entitled A Letter to Three Wives.
  2. In the third episode of A Letter to Three Wives, Paul Douglas “dazedly shakes out his dashboard lighter and tosses it out the car window like an extinguished match.  (Judy Garland told her musician friend John Meyer that she was the actual source of this visual joke, as she had once absentmindedly thrown out Mankiewicz’s car lighter in the days of their courtship.  Mankiewicz disclaims any recollection of such an incident.”  (Geist, p. 143)

References: The American Cinema, Andrew Sarris, 1968; The American Movies, Paul Michaes (Ed.), 1969; Bette Davis, Jerry Vermilye, 1973; Godard on Godard, Tom Milne, 1972; The Great Movie Stars, David Shipman, 1970; Mother Goddam, Whitney Stone with Bette Davis, 1974; Pictures Will Talk, Kenneth L. Geist, 1979; Screen World 1949, David Blum, 1950; Sixty Years of Hollywood, John Baxter, 1973.

Research by Helen Arthurs
Notes written by Marcia Gillespie and Lloyd Gordon Ward

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